Obesity has many negative health effects, including a higher risk of heart disease and coronary artery disease. Having a high BMI increases the risk of coronary artery disease, especially for women. A recent study in Finland found that the risk of death from coronary artery disease increases by 1 percent for every extra kilogram of body fat. Additionally, obese people are at a higher risk of developing a second heart attack, which is a common complication for individuals who have had a previous heart attack.
When you are overeating, you are consuming more calories than your body can actually use. Your body responds to this by storing excess calories as fat, which makes you gain weight. In contrast, if you are physically active, you will lose weight. Overeating and obesity contribute to virtually every common health problem. You can prevent this problem by adjusting your diet to minimize your calorie intake.
The global burden of physical inactivity is high. It is responsible for 8% of the total non-communicable disease burden. It is disproportionately high in high-income countries. Middle-income countries, on the other hand, bear the highest proportion of the burden, mainly because of their larger populations. Physical inactivity also has significant implications for early mortality and several common health problems. The following are some of the health consequences of physical inactivity.
Obesity has become a major health concern in the 21st century, affecting both rich and poor, educated and uneducated individuals in Westernized and non-Westernized societies. Although people carrying more body fat than others vary in body composition, a genetic component has been implicated in obesity susceptibility. Studies of family resemblances and differences in weight have pointed to a role for genetics in this problem. Many variants of genes are associated with obesity, including those involved in metabolism and behavioral patterns.
The incidence of cancer among obese people is on the rise, but it is still not well understood why. The study focused on malignancy, and it found that the majority of deaths were due to this disease. Cancer was the most common category, followed by hematologic malignancies. Obesity is a risk factor for both hematologic and non-hematologic cancer. In addition, many obese people have other health problems, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and hypertension.
As the number of obese people grows, so does the incidence of diabetes. According to the World Health Organization, over 86% of all type 2 diabetes cases are caused by excess weight. In addition to diabetes, obesity and metabolic syndrome are the leading causes of impaired glucose tolerance. Currently, 197 million people worldwide have impaired glucose tolerance, with the number expected to rise to 420 million by 2025. The risk of developing diabetes is higher for people of Asian and South Asian descent.
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Obesity has been linked to numerous heart issues, including high blood pressure and unhealthy cholesterol levels. Obesity can be difficult to control on its own, but it can also contribute to other cardiovascular issues. Obesity should be treated as a chronic condition, as it can pose a long-term challenge. Here are some common symptoms that indicate you could be at risk for heart disease. Obesity can also result in cardiac hypertrophy.
High blood pressure
Combined, high blood pressure and obesity are a recipe for disaster. Both conditions raise blood pressure, which strains and damages the heart and blood vessels. They can even lead to heart attacks, strokes, and kidney problems. The risk of heart disease is greatest in people who are obese or have high blood sugar levels. Other factors that contribute to high blood pressure are poor diet, a lack of physical activity, and unhealthy diets high in saturated and trans fat.