Whether you are thinking of building your own private island or outpost on the moon, it is important to understand the legalities and restrictions. As with any project, you will need to check with your local government to see what permits and permissions you need to get before you start construction. This is especially true if you are planning to build a large outpost.
Outer Space Treaty
Currently, there are 110 states-parties to the Outer Space Treaty. These states have rights to use the moon and to conduct scientific investigations Build property on moon. This right is in accordance with international law and in a manner consistent with the provisions of this Agreement.
The United States is the depositary state of the Outer Space Treaty. It also has the responsibility for national activities in outer space.
The Outer Space Treaty prohibits harmful contamination of celestial bodies. It also prohibits stationing of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) in outer space. It also provides for an international regime to govern lunar resources.
Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty requires state parties to bear responsibility for nationals who are in outer space. It also requires them to take measures to prevent the occurrence of harm to the earth environment and to preserve the natural environment of the moon.
Article 6 of the Outer Space Treaty requires states to disclose information about their activities and resources in outer space. It also requires that all state parties share benefits resulting from their activities.
Developed by the Soviet Union in 1979, the Moon Agreement is a supplement to the Outer Space Treaty. It was created to establish a legal framework for exploring and exploiting the resources of the moon.
The Moon is considered a common heritage of mankind, and the resources on it are to be used for peaceful purposes. The agreement requires that any lunar station be notified to the United Nations.
A related concept is “safety zones” which are defined as areas in the moon’s orbit where companies and nations will coordinate their efforts to prevent harm to the lunar habitats and environment. This will require coordination with other space actors such as NASA, China, and Japan.
One of the Outer Space Treaty’s most important provisions is a provision stating that the Moon is a celestial body that belongs to all nations. In addition, the OST states that scientific research must be open to the international community.
International law of the sea treaty
Various international organizations have put space law on their agendas. However, the question of jurisdiction in outer space is not as simple as some might think. This is because all of the stakeholders have a stake in the outcome. Consequently, effective implementation of outer space treaties requires wide adherence.
The moon is not owned by anyone. There is no single government-owned company tasked with managing the lunar resources. Instead, private companies have been hawking plots of land on the Moon since the 1950s. The Moon Agreement tries to provide a comparable regime.
While the Moon may not be the best model for a government-owned entity, it has some good points. The moon is not the only celestial body that is considered res nullius. The other important point is that a government-owned entity can provide assistance to nations that may be adversely affected by undersea development.
The Moon Treaty is not the first treaty to propose such a scheme. It has been debated whether the United Nations’ Convention on the Law of the Sea (CLOS) would have been a better choice.
Cost of building and operating a lunar outpost
Developing a lunar outpost is not as easy as one would think. It requires a lot of resources and money. The initial cost to build an outpost is around $229 million. When the transportation cost is low, it drops to $130 million.
NASA has done a lot of research into the feasibility of a lunar outpost. In 1986-89, NASA/Johnson performed a number of studies to determine the best way to construct an outpost. This included using expendable Lunar Excursion Vehicles (LEVs). The LEVs allowed for reuse. They also provided power and thermal control systems.
The first Lunar Outpost proposal would return a four-person crew to the lunar surface for 45 days. They would then conduct astronomical experiments and evaluations of the use of lunar materials for future missions.
The second plan would send a permanent crew to the outpost. This crew would simulate a three-year mission to Mars. They would live in a habitation module that was derived from the SS Freedom.